Thankfully, most tap water in the USA and Canada that comes from the public water system is safe for consumption. And in many areas there are some additives included to benefit our overall health and wellbeing.
After being properly filtered, tap water is just as safe as bottled water and may provide you with essential minerals not found in most bottled water. Whether tap water is the best choice on the market, we’re not convinced, noting the advancements of many luxury bottled water brands. However tap water is certainly a convenient, cost-effective way to keep refilling your reusable water bottle, all day long!
What is in tap water?
Tap water isn’t just water, it contains trace amounts of essential minerals, and a small amount of contaminants (deemed low enough to be safe for humans).
Some essential minerals found in tap water occur naturally, while some are added; these include minerals such as;
Other substances that are added during the purification process include fluoride, chlorine and chloramine. Fluoride is added to help strengthen teeth, the CDC has reported this prevents the risk of tooth decay by 25 percent. While chlorine and chloramine are added in minuscule amounts, as disinfectants to kill germs that could potentially make you sick such as E. coli, Giardia and Cryptosporidium.
While generally safe, it is important to look into the tap water advisory for your specific area. And to stay up to date on any changes, especially if your area has frequent boil water advisories due to various types of pollutants.
This can include issues regarding;
- Bacteria and parasites
- Radioactive elements
- Heavy Metals
Many of these pollutants are filtered out before they ever make it to your tap, however many scenarios can occur that can jeopardize your public water supply quality. While tap water is generally safe to drink in the United States and Canada; as an added level of protection and peace of mind, many people opt to purchase an at home water filtration system of some sort.
At Home Filtration
This can simply be a water jug with disposable filters, an under the sink unit or a whole home water filtration system. Depending on your needs, hydration goals and family size.
Refillable water jugs that you simply keep in your fridge and replace the filter monthly are the most common and the lowest cost upfront. However for long term water filtration, under the sink units and whole home filtration systems, where any time you turn on a tap you instantly get filtered water are the best investment and more eco friendly.
While tap water is considered safe to drink, keeping an eye on water advisories, adding an additional layer of protection and sticking to bottled water while traveling are helpful tips for avoiding any unwanted stomach upsets caused by drinking contaminated water.